Story, Synopsis, Trivia, Dialogues for Andher Nagari (1982)

Andher Nagari is a 1982 Indian Bollywood film released on 1982. Mehtas debut is a remarkably successful transportation of the folk performance idiom to the screen. It is dedicated to Brecht, Goscinny and to the inventor of the Bhavai, Asait Thakore, who was a Gujarati Brahmin cast out from his community. He proceeded to live among the lower castes and his descendents, the taraglas are the traditional Gujarati performers of the plays he wrote and dedicated to Amba, a mother goddess. The Bhavai evolved into one of Indias most energetic folk music and dance dramas. It has an episodic structure consisting of Veshas (playlets set in medieval Gujarat stressing masquerades and offering much scope for improvisation) and mobilises a wealth of religious, political and mythological references, usually held together by a male Rangla and female Rangli chorus. The film deploys a chinese box structure. In the framing narrative, a group of presecuted Harijans (untouchbale) are migrating to the city and pause for the night. To the accompaniment of Malos (Puri) music, a story is told of the time when Harijans had to have broomsticks tied to their backs in order to erase their footsteps while walking. The tale is of a king (Shah) with two wives. When the elder queen delivers a male heir, the younger one (Mulay) conspires to have the child killed. But the child survives, raised by Malo, grows up into the handsome Jivo (Gokhale). The climax of the film combines Jivos sexual awakening in response to the wild tribal woman Ujjan (Patil) with the digging of a well by the Untouchables to propitiate the gods, so that the king may have another heir. However, in a traditional happy ending, the well yields water, Jivo is saved and the people freed. This ending of Malos story is disputed by his audience, who suggest an alternative: Jivo is beheaded and Malo jumps into the dry well cursing the king with his dying breath: his sacrifice results in flood that washes away evil rules (this ending in intercut with documentary footage of Indias freedom struggle). The films own end shifts back into realism showing the Harijans approaching the city. The film succeeds mainly through the extraordinary performances of, e.g. Shah, Gilani (the commander) and Mulay, enchanced by comic-strip-style camera angles and exotic locations. Its several contemporary references include violent cast riots in Ahmedabad and the severe drought in Northern Gujarat. Check out this page for more updates on Andher Nagari.

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